pelvic ultrasound pregnancy
Pelvic Ultrasound : The Procedure Of Female Pelvic Ultrasound Is For Indicating The Situation Of Endometrium, Ovaries And Uterus. In Addition, The Test Also Supports The Identification And Presence Of Pelvic Collections, Hydrosalpinx, Ovarian Cysts And Other Medical Abnormalities, Which Can Affect The Childbearing Issues In Women.
A pelvic ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the organs inside your pelvis. Your doctor might order this test to diagnose a condition, or to check the health of your baby while still in the womb. In women, a pelvic ultrasound is used to view the: Cervix
Pelvic ultrasound vs transvaginal ultrasound
A transabdominal exam provides a wide view of the pelvic organs, while a transvaginal exam is capable of providing greater detail in a smaller area. In some cases, a transabdominal ultrasound may be performed initially and then followed by a transvaginal exam if more detailed images are needed
- It’s Helps For Accessing Ovaries And Uterus During Pregnancy For Seeing Condition Of Fetus.
- It’s Helps In Showing Size As Well As Shape Of Organs Under Observation.
- Images Also Helps In Providing Information Of Any Lumps Or Swelling For Further Investigation (If Needed).
Test Preparation: Pelvic Ultrasound
Before Pelvic Ultrasound Scan, Patients Are Required To Have A Full Bladder So As To Ensure Proper Images Are Taken. For This Patient Require To Take 1-Liter Water In Between 60 To 90 Minutes Before The Appointment And Holding The Same Until Appointment Time.
Pelvic ultrasound may be performed using one or both of 2 methods:
- Transabdominal (through the abdomen). A transducer is placed on the abdomen using the conductive gel
- Transvaginal (through the vagina). A long, thin transducer is covered with the conducting gel and a plastic/latex sheath and is inserted into the vagina
The type of ultrasound procedure performed depends on the reason for the ultrasound. Only one method may be used, or both methods may be needed to provide the information needed for diagnosis or treatment.
What are female pelvic organs?
The organs and structures of the female pelvis are:
- Endometrium. The lining of the uterus
- Uterus (also known as the womb). The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman’s lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum. It sheds its lining each month during menstruation, unless a fertilized egg (ovum) becomes implanted and pregnancy follows.
- Ovaries. Two female reproductive organs located in the pelvis in which egg cells (ova) develop and are stored and where the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced.
- Cervix. The lower, narrow part of the uterus located between the bladder and the rectum, forming a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body.
- Vagina (also known as the birth canal). The passageway through which fluid passes out of the body during menstrual periods. The vagina connects the cervix and the vulva (the external genitalia).
- Vulva. The external portion of the female genital organs
What are the reasons for a pelvic ultrasound?
Pelvic ultrasound may be used for measurement and evaluation of female pelvic organs. Ultrasound assessment of the pelvis may include, but is not limited to, the following:
- Size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries
- Thickness, echogenicity (darkness or lightness of the image related to the density of the tissue), and presence of fluids or masses in the endometrium, myometrium (uterine muscle tissue), fallopian tubes, or in or near the bladder
- Length and thickness of the cervix
- Changes in bladder shape
- Blood flow through pelvic organs
Pelvic ultrasound can provide much information about the size, location, and structure of pelvic masses, but cannot provide a definite diagnosis of cancer or specific disease. A pelvic ultrasound may be used to diagnose and assist in the treatment of the following conditions:
- Abnormalities in the anatomic structure of the uterus, including endometrial conditions
- Fibroid tumors (benign growths), masses, cysts, and other types of tumors within the pelvis
- Presence and position of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD)
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other types of inflammation or infection
- Postmenopausal bleeding
- Monitoring of ovarian follicle size for infertility evaluation
- Aspiration of follicle fluid and eggs from ovaries for in vitro fertilization
- Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube)
- Monitoring fetal development during pregnancy
- Assessing certain fetal conditions