Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages – What are the reasons for miscarriage?
Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages : “The good news is that most miscarriages do not repeat, so one must not panic. However, if it is recurrent, medical opinion must be sought”, said Dr Kaberi Banerjee, MD, Advance Fertility and Gynaecology Centre and Diagnosis of a miscarriage.
A miscarriage is an unwanted pregnancy loss. It occurs when a fertilised egg does not implant into the uterine wall. Many miscarriages happen very early in the pregnancy and go unnoticed by the woman.
Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages : A miscarriage occurs most often during the first trimester of pregnancy, usually before 20 weeks. What are the elements that increase the chances of a miscarriage? It is caused by a number of circumstances, including:
Age of the mother. According to studies, the chance of miscarriage is 12 percent to 15 percent for women in their twenties and jumps to around 25 percent for women in their forties. The rising chromosomal abnormalities add to the increased risk of miscarriage as people become older.
What are the reasons for miscarriage? Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages
Miscarriages can also be caused by several reasons, both known and unknown, such as: Diagnosis of a miscarriage
- Increased age of the mother
- Chromosomal anomalies
- Coagulation disorders
- Exposure to dangers in the environment and at work, such as excessive quantities of radiation or poisonous agents
- Hormonal imbalances are a common occurrence.
- Smoking, consuming alcohol, and taking illegal substances are all examples of lifestyle influences.
- Immune system disorders, such as lupus.
- Severe kidney disease.
- Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a kind of congenital cardiac defect
- Diabetes that hasn’t been managed well.
- Thyroid illness is a condition affecting the thyroid gland.
Miscarriage symptoms : Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages
These include: Diagnosis of a miscarriage
- Pain in the abdomen
- Lower back pain, which can be minor to severe
- Pain in the stomach
- Fever accompanied by any of these symptoms
After a miscarriage Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages, the mother may experience spotting and some pain. If you experience any of the following symptoms like severe bleeding, a fever, chills, or discomfort, see your doctor right away since these might indicate an infection.
Diagnosis of a miscarriage : Top Reasons Behind Miscarriages
Your doctor will conduct the following to see whether you’ve suffered a miscarriage: Diagnosis of a miscarriage
- They’ll examine your cervix to determine if it’s begun to dilate. An ultrasound examination using sound waves is used to look for a baby’s heartbeat.
- Your doctor uses blood tests to check for pregnancy hormones in your blood and compare them to previous levels.
- If tissue from your miscarriage has left your body, your doctor may send it to a lab for confirmation. It can also help rule out the possibility that your symptoms are due to something else.
- If you’ve had two or more miscarriages, your doctor may order these tests to check your genes or those of your partner.
The loss of a baby before the 20th week of pregnancy is a miscarriage. Spontaneous abortion is the medical term for a miscarriage. However, it is not an abortion in the traditional sense of the word.
Miscarriages occur in up to half of all pregnancies, most commonly before a woman misses her period or even realises she’s pregnant. A miscarriage occurs in 15 percent to 25 percent of all recognised pregnancies.
The good news is that most miscarriages do not repeat, so one must not panic. However, if it is recurrent, medical opinion must be sought.
Problems with the genes or chromosomes
Most miscarriages occur because the fetus isn’t developing as expected. About 50 percent of miscarriages are associated with extra or missing chromosomes. Most often, chromosome problems result from errors that occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows — not problems inherited from the parents.
Chromosome problems might lead to:
- Blighted ovum. Blighted ovum occurs when no embryo forms.
- Intrauterine fetal demise. In this situation, an embryo forms but stops developing and dies before any symptoms of pregnancy loss occur.
- Molar pregnancy and partial molar pregnancy. With a molar pregnancy, both sets of chromosomes come from the father. A molar pregnancy is associated with abnormal growth of the placenta; there is usually no fetal development.A partial molar pregnancy occurs when the mother’s chromosomes remain, but the father provides two sets of chromosomes. A partial molar pregnancy is usually associated with abnormalities of the placenta, and an abnormal fetus.Molar and partial molar pregnancies are not viable pregnancies. Molar and partial molar pregnancies can sometimes be associated with cancerous changes of the placenta.
Maternal health conditions
In a few cases, a mother’s health condition might lead to miscarriage. Examples include:
What does NOT cause miscarriage
Routine activities such as these don’t provoke a miscarriage:
- Exercise, including high-intensity activities such as jogging and cycling.
- Sexual intercourse.
- Working, provided you’re not exposed to harmful chemicals or radiation. Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about work-related risks.
- Risk factors
- Various factors increase the risk of miscarriage, including:
- Age. Women older than age 35 have a higher risk of miscarriage than do younger women. At age 35, you have about a 20 percent risk. At age 40, the risk is about 40 percent. And at age 45, it’s about 80 percent.
- Previous miscarriages. Women who have had two or more consecutive miscarriages are at higher risk of miscarriage.
- Chronic conditions. Women who have a chronic condition, such as uncontrolled diabetes, have a higher risk of miscarriage.
- Uterine or cervical problems. Certain uterine conditions or weak cervical tissues (incompetent cervix) might increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs. Women who smoke during pregnancy have a greater risk of miscarriage than do nonsmokers. Heavy alcohol use and illicit drug use also increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Weight. Being underweight or being overweight has been linked with an increased risk of miscarriage.
- Invasive prenatal tests. Some invasive prenatal genetic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis, carry a slight risk of miscarriage.
- Some women who miscarry develop an infection in the uterus. This is also called a septic miscarriage. Signs and symptoms of this infection include:
- Lower abdominal tenderness
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Often, there’s nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. Simply focus on taking good care of yourself and your baby:
- Seek regular prenatal care.
- Avoid known miscarriage risk factors — such as smoking, drinking alcohol and illicit drug use.
- Take a daily multivitamin.
- Limit your caffeine intake. A recent study found that drinking more than two caffeinated beverages a day appeared to be associated with a higher risk of miscarriage.
- If you have a chronic condition, work with your health care team to keep it under control.
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